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Siauliai. Sundial Square

Location: N55° 55` 55.0", E23° 19` 23.5"

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Šiauliai, a city also called The Sun City, is in northern Lithuania, the fourth most populous city in the country. Šiauliai is one of the oldest cities in Lithuania, unfortunately heavily destroyed during the war. However, we can boast with the highest Cathedral in Lithuania, a UNESCO protected Hill of Crosses, a Jew Ch.Frenkelis’ villa, the lake in the city centre, sweets of "Rūta", "Gubernija“ brewing traditions and other interesting places. 

The name Šiauliai is associated with the Sun Battle mentioned in Livonian Chronicle. On 22 September, 1236 a joint Lithuanian, Samogitian and Semigallian army defeated the troops of the Livonian Order. The age of Šiauliai is counted from this victory.  

The Sundial Square was equipped in 1986 to commemorate the victory in the Sun Battle and the 750th birthday of Šiauliai. The main attraction of the square is gold-plated almost four-meter-high sculpture of "Archer". The sculpture is also called the "Golden Boy". There are numerals infused in the pavement of the square indicating the hours 12, 3, and 6, which at the same time indicate the year of the Battle. The main idea of the square is to make sense of the three most important Šiauliai city symbols – the sun, remembering that the Sun Battle took place in the territory of the city, the archer (šaulys), which is associated with the origin of the city name, and the time that has passed since the day when the name of the city was mentioned for the first time (in 1236). It is the highest sundial in Lithuania. By the way, it is said that this clock, however, is not entirely accurate.  

The Sundial Square is adjacent to Talkša Lake. You can stroll along the cognitive botanical trail (about 5km long) around the lake. A legend tells us that in the ancient times the Baltic tribes located in the beautiful valley and lived nicely until a huge cloud hung over them. The old people said it was a flying lake and if someone guessed its name, it would descend in the place. Both young and old tried to guess but could not and almost lost their hope but someone said „Talkša“ ... then the cloud roared, and landed in the valley with a huge bang. Hunters -archers located on the one coast, and fishermen on the other one. They all lived nicely until foreigners came and commanded to worship new gods. An archer Vingaudas fought bravely for their ancestors, for their faith and for their native country... When he perished people poured a large barrow on his grave for his unflinching courage. The Duke‘s daughter Salduvė, who was very beautiful and loved by everyone, lived on the other bank of the lake. She fell in love with a simple fisherman and her father got very angry. The Duke was blinded by anger, he drew his bow and shot the young man, who was fishing in his boat, straight into his chest. The young fisherman was killed ... Salduvė was in great pain and set herself on fire in the castle, only her amber necklace remained. Her father Duke was walking around the mound and shouted „Salduve, Salduve...“ pressing her necklace in his hands.  

If you go up to the mound Salduvė, you will see the views of lakes, pine forests and the city. In the near future, perhaps, the Balts Cultural Park will be located at the foot of the Salduvė. The Salduvė Park adherent to Talkša Lake is a great place to relax. In summer, rowing base athletes are training, some fishermen are fishing and some romantics are boating in the lake. 

The sculpture "Iron fox" made itself comfortable at the lakeshore recently. Vilnius has an iron wolf, and Šiauliai has an iron fox. Lithuanian Book of Records says that it is the largest animal sculpture: its weight is nearly 7 tons, its length is about 6.6 meters, and the height is 25 meters.